Download PDF by Pankaj Jain: An Introduction to Astronomy and Astrophysics

By Pankaj Jain

ISBN-10: 1439885907

ISBN-13: 9781439885901

Astronomy is the sphere of technology dedicated to the examine of astronomical items, equivalent to stars, galaxies, and nebulae. Astronomers have accumulated a wealth of data concerning the universe via hundreds of thousands of years of painstaking observations. those observations are interpreted via actual and chemical legislation popular to mankind. those interpretations offer information regarding the character of those astronomical gadgets, taking into account the deduction in their floor and inside stipulations. The technology linked to those interpretations is termed astrophysics.

An advent to Astronomy and Astrophysics

offers a finished creation to astronomy and astrophysics, entire with illustrative examples and illuminating homework difficulties. Requiring a familiarity with simple physics and arithmetic, this undergraduate-level textbook:

  • Addresses key physics thoughts proper to stellar observations, together with radiation, electromagnetic spectrum, photometry, non-stop and discrete spectrum, and spectral lines
  • Describes tools used for astronomical observations in addition to how the radiation acquired is characterised and interpreted to figure out the houses of stars
  • Examines the constitution of stars, the fundamental equations which clarify stars in equilibrium, and the fusion reactions taking place in stellar cores
  • Discusses the evolution of stars, the sun procedure, the dynamics of galaxies, and the basics of contemporary cosmology
  • Explores the universe at excessive redshifts, the place it's ruled via items corresponding to lively galaxies

Solutions handbook and determine slides on hand with qualifying path adoption

An advent to Astronomy and Astrophysics

teaches scholars how you can interpret the evening sky, delivering them with a severe realizing of the celebs and different heavenly bodies.

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Extra resources for An Introduction to Astronomy and Astrophysics

Sample text

4: The radial, vr , and tangential, vt , velocity components of the velocity vector, v, of the object P . 1 Coordinate Systems In order to specify the two angular coordinates we need to pick an origin and choose some reference for specifying the latitude and longitude of an object. The latitude is specified by choosing a reference plane or the equatorial plane, passing through this origin. This plane lies at latitude δ = 0. The longitude or the azimuthal angle is specified by choosing some reference direction.

All stars and galaxies are located at very large distances from Earth in comparison to typical distances within the solar system. For example, the distance of the nearest star, beyond the Sun, is about 200,000 times larger in comparison to the Earth-Sun distance. Due to this large distance, the parallax observable for a star is very small. The largest parallax arises due to the revolution of Earth. Even this is very small and can be detected only by very precise measurements. Furthermore, this measurement is possible only for stars close to us.

5 Supergalactic Coordinate System . . . . . . . . . . . . Space Velocity and Proper Motion of Stars . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Doppler Effect . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Parallax . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Aberration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Coordinate Transformations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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An Introduction to Astronomy and Astrophysics by Pankaj Jain

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