By M. J. Stabler (auth.)
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Extra resources for Agricultural Economics and Rural Land-use
C. , . The studies tended to take a comparative approach on the market systems and differing policies for agriculture, but the likelihood of entry also led to a reappraisal of British policy on marketing. K. policies on marketing are superior. Discussion of this point moves the examina1 The reader is invited to look at marketing boards in the light of the economic theory on discriminating monopoly. 41 tion of marketing margins and organisations towards the appraisal of pricing policies, and this is considered below in Chapters 3 and4.
This line of inquiry has hardly been pursued by agricultural economists. Apart from work on the explanatory variables, the agricultural labour market has interested economists because of the effect on the other sectors of the economy. It is argued that the agricultural labour force constitutes a pool of human resources which can be absorbed into industrial sectors and thus contribute to 36 economic growth. D. countries, K. Cowling and D. Metcalf ('Labour Transfer from Agriculture: A Regional Analysis', Manchester School of Economics and Social Studies, Mar 1968) analysed this in conjunction with an examination of the determinants of migration and made observations on both farming and industry in the regions.
The framework of analysis outlined by Clodius and Mueller  echoed the attitudes towards business in the United States on concepts of workable competition, but their work also influenced the orientation of studies towards establishing the degree of competition in various commodity markets. In a sense this related applied work much more closely to the underlying economic theory. However, it accentuated the problems where the methodology and data we~e inadequate for the task . In Europe, particularly in the United Kingdom, study of margins and the marketing process has figured more prominently in applied work in establishing the good and bad features of the existing markets and suggesting how performance might be improved .
Agricultural Economics and Rural Land-use by M. J. Stabler (auth.)