By Robert Holzmann
Inhabitants getting older is predicted to impact the functionality of monetary markets in built and rising economies at a time while ever extra nations are hoping on funded provisions for previous age source of revenue help. This learn investigates the demanding situations confronted via those former transition nations within the context of overseas event from the OECD and Latin the US. The overarching end of this examine is that those demanding situations may be addressed yet addressing them would require made up our minds coverage activities to accomplish monetary marketplace improvement and to advertise monetary literacy via schooling.
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Extra resources for Aging Population, Pension Funds, and Financial Markets: Regional Perspectives and Global Challenges for Central, Eastern and Southern Europe (Directions in Development)
This suggests that government debt and, to a smaller degree, bank deposits are the primary investment choices for pension funds in most emerging countries. The question then arises as to why pension funds have shown such a bias. In other words, in addition to the sluggish growth of supply, there is demand insufficiency for corporate stocks and bonds that has yet to be explained. Having dismissed excess demand as a current problem for pension funds in emerging markets, we turn to the factors behind observed patterns of asset allocation.
Nevertheless, the individual indicators, as well as the aggregate scores, do provide insights into the relative readiness of these four countries should they consider introducing mandated second pillars. Slovenia and the Czech Republic received the highest ratings of the group, but both had scores below 90 percent, even when evaluated using the less stringent scoring applied to countries with only voluntary schemes. 4 Schemes 29 Readiness Indicator Scores, Four CESE Countries with Voluntary Pension normalized total score (percent) 100 90 4/1 80 5/3 5/2 70 7/1 60 50 Czech Republic Romania Serbia Slovenia X = total “red” indicators Y = total “red” indicators in highly important areas Source: Authors’ estimates (see the appendix).
Red” means that particular readiness criteria have not been met (see chapter text and the appendix for a discussion). For reforms implemented after 2001, the score is for 2006. jumped by 10 percentage points, to almost 85 percent. These countries succeeded in reducing their number of red flags, including those for highimportance areas such as financial sector instruments. Yet all three (and Hungary as well) received new red flags because none had made significant progress in financial literacy and education in the years since their reforms were launched.
Aging Population, Pension Funds, and Financial Markets: Regional Perspectives and Global Challenges for Central, Eastern and Southern Europe (Directions in Development) by Robert Holzmann