By Gerald MacLean
Drawing on unique study, together with in-depth interviews with President Abdullah Gül himself in addition to his spouse and shut circle of comrades and buddies, this interesting account bargains a portrait of a guy who has been on the middle of the political, financial, and cultural advancements that experience introduced Turkey to overseas prominence in recent times. In 2002 Abdullah Gül's democratically elected get together received energy and challenged Turkey's political and non secular legacy. presently after, Gül turned a key participant in Turkey's makes an attempt to obtain an accession date for the eu Union. In 2007 he turned the 1st president of Turkey who was once additionally a religious Muslim — inflicting political commentators to hail his victory as a new period in Turkish politics" — and he has for the reason that been an immense determine in Turkey's diplomatic relationships within the center East and overseas political arena.
An crucial resource for college kids of latest Turkish culture...
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Additional resources for Abdullah Gul and the Making of the New Turkey
Mosques were now run by civil servants while many traditional religious customs became illegal. Coming to power in 1950, Adnan Menderes and the Demokrat Parti (‘Democrat Party’, or DP) promised to appease religious voters more than they did, but along the way they ignored the constitution rather too often, causing the army to seize power in 1960. They tried and executed Menderes and two of his ministers on charges of treason. Meanwhile, since the early 1950s, Marshall Plan funding from the US had sparked off new forms of economic activity throughout Turkey.
7 These are clearly values generated not only from centuries of passing merchant caravans, but also from an equally long history of international trading communities taking up permanent residence there and legitimating their presence by benefiting the community at large. Under the Ottomans, Kayseri continued to welcome substantial communities of Armenian and Greek Orthodox merchants and businessmen, many of whom had been there for generations. 8 With a common interest in business matters, Muslims and Christians managed to live and work together in pursuit of good deals; and so the stereotype of the hard-headed, parsimonious, conservative, even cunning businessman from Kayseri came into being.
But the man who became a legend was more than a gifted and fortunate military leader. From the beginnings of his career, Mustafa Kemal had been a fierce political opponent of the Ottoman sultanate with its autocratic rule and dubious claims to power over Muslims throughout the entire Islamic world. 4 Amid the political shambles that followed the war while the Sultan and allied powers squabbled over the breakup of the Ottoman Empire, Kemal emerged as the leading figure of a nationalist movement that would replace the centuries-old Islamic empire with a secular republic.
Abdullah Gul and the Making of the New Turkey by Gerald MacLean